Leaders of the farmers’ unions in India have condemned the violence during a “tractor rally” held by farmers in the Indian capital to demand repeal of new agricultural laws.
On Tuesday, tens of thousands of farmers began the day in a convoy of tractors festooned with Indian and religious flags along New Delhi’s outskirts as the country celebrated its Republic Day.
But hundreds of protesters – some on horseback – broke away from approved routes, heading for government buildings in the city centre where the annual Republic Day parade of troops and military hardware was taking place.
Some of the protesters reached the Mughal-era Red Fort complex in the older part of the capital, carrying ceremonial swords and scattering police who tried to prevent them from entering.
Once inside, they put up their own emblem on the flagpole where the prime minister normally gives an independence day speech in August.
One farmer was killed in what police said was an accident after his tractor overturned after hitting a barricade.
At least 86 police officers were injured, an official statement said.
Police said they had started nearly two dozen cases for “rioting” and “assault with deadly weapons” in connection with the violence and accused those who diverged from the agreed routes of “violence and destruction”.
“They have caused great damage to public property and many police personnel have also been injured,” a police statement said.
— Kisan Ekta Morcha (@Kisanektamorcha) January 27, 2021
Protest organiser Samyukt Kisan Morcha later on Tuesday said the groups deviating from set routes did not represent the majority of farmers.
“We also condemn and regret the undesirable and unacceptable events that have taken place today and dissociate ourselves from those indulging in such acts,” the group of farm unions said in a statement.
The farmers’ leaders said the police had provoked them into violence.
“When you attack a peaceful protest, then difficulties for the government will surely increase,” union leader Kawalpreet Singh Pannu told AFP news agency.
“This won’t stop here. Our movement and message have only become stronger.”
On Twitter, the hashtag #PeacefulProtestsContinue was trending in India on Wednesday.
Pannu said a new protest would be held on February 1 outside Parliament when the government announces its annual budget.
Leaders of the farmers’ unions say they have enough supplies to keep their protest camps going for a year if necessary.
Amarinder Singh, chief minister of Punjab state, where many of the protesters came from, called the clashes “shocking”.
“The violence by some elements is unacceptable,” he said in a tweet. “It’ll negate goodwill generated by peacefully protesting farmers.”
Home Affairs Minister Amit Shah held an emergency meeting on Tuesday night on the two months of protests against agricultural laws that have become the biggest challenge to the Hindu nationalist government since it came to power in 2014.
The Indian government ordered 2,000 paramilitary reinforcements to New Delhi after thousands of farmers fought street battles with police and stormed the 400-year-old Red Fort.
Delhi: Security tightened at Red Fort in the national capital.
A group of protestors climbed to the ramparts of the fort and unfurled flags yesterday. pic.twitter.com/ovGx9mugzS
— ANI (@ANI) January 27, 2021
A number of major roads were blocked by police and security forces set up barricades, leading to major traffic congestion. Riot police were stationed near the Red Fort.
Security was also beefed up on the edges of the city, where thousands of farmers have been camping since November.
Several metro stations in New Delhi have been shut down for a second day, while internet services in many areas were suspended.
The farmers are demanding the repeal of three farm laws passed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government in September last year.
While the government says the legislation will boost rural incomes, leaders of the farmers’ unions say the laws will give Indian conglomerates control of the agriculture industry – the bedrock of the economy – and end guaranteed prices for most farm produce.
Farmer leaders have rejected the government’s offer to suspend the implementation of the laws for 18 months.
Ten rounds of talks between farm unions and ministers have failed to break the deadlock.
Smaller farmer demonstrations were held in Mumbai and Bangalore and in the breadbasket states of Punjab and Haryana.